Scenario: Imagine you login to a server and you find that the disk is filling up rapidly. Either by using
df -h or
du -h -d1 /<dir> or getting errors like
no more disk space left etc. How do you figure out who is filling up the file?
Solution: Let's say the file in question is
/var/log/badd.log and it's rapidly filling up.
First step is to use
lsof to figure out which process has that file open. To write to a file, any process has to first open that file. So the process will show up in
lsof, which is a program to "list open files". With any luck your output will show up like this -
ubuntu@ip-172-31-32-108:/$ lsof /var/log/badd.log COMMAND PID USER FD TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME baddlog.py 601 ubuntu 3w REG 259,1 9158 67701 /var/log/badd.log
Here we see that the
badd.log file is open by a process named
baddlog.py and the pid is
So if we kill this process, that will stop the process from writing to that file.